What is a wolf pack?

A wolf pack is a wolf family, which usually consists of the parents, the pups and the offspring from the previous year (yearlings). Additionally, sometimes older offspring or grandparents live in the pack. Under certain circumstances, two females (e.g. mother and daughter) can reproduce and/or two males are the fathers of the pups.

Pack size is usually between 5 and 10 animals, but it changes within the range of the year and between years. Family size increases through birth of the pups in April/May and it decreases through dispersing individuals or cases of death. Therefore, the same wolf family can comprise 10-15 individuals at one time, and only 3-4 individuals at a different time.