What role do predators like the wolf have in distributing the African swine fever?
There is no reason to assume that predators and scavengers play a special role in the distribution of the ASF. Although a mechanical vector function (moving of viral cadaver parts, contamination of fur / feathers) cannot be excluded, the virus does not multiply in or at these animals, including the wolf. Even though the wolf migrates at longer distances, it is assumed that it does not carry food supplies to other locations and that it cleans potentially contaminated fur. The virus does not survive being digested.
The Friedrich-Löffler Institute (Federal Research Institute for Animal Health) has published an information sheet regarding further questions on the ASF: